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疯狂英语语法学习点拨 定语从句考点归纳总结
作者:佚名    来源:本站原创    点击数:   更新时间:2007年06月10日
 
  定语从句是疯狂英语学习的重要语法项目之一,也是历年高考的热点。它的难度主要是通过改变句子的正常语序或借助于其它

语法项目来体现的,为了提高同学们的应变能力,现对定语从句的一些常见考点归纳和总结如下:

一、疑问句中考查定语从句

1. Is this the farm ________ you visited last week?

A. where B. the one C. on which D. /

【解析】答案是D。

命题人经常利用疑问句的特殊结构来干扰学生的正确选择。遇到这类定语从句时,最好的办法是先把疑问句还原成陈述句,然后判断谁是先行词,再看关系词在定语从句中所充当的成分,最后确定正确答案。

二、倒装句中考查定语从句

2. We came to a place, ________ stood a big tower.

A. which B. that C. / D. where

【解析】正确答案是D。为了保持句子平衡,句子用了倒装语序。倒装的使用使定语从句的结构变得较为特殊,因此对于使用倒装语序的定语从句,应先把倒装语序还原成正常语序,这样句子结构就比较清晰了。

三、拆分词组和固定搭配

3. The second is connected with the use ________ the body makes of food.

A. of which B. where C. to do D. that

4. Why cant you realize the part ________ they have played in our life?

A. which B. on which C. when D. where

【解析】正确答案分别是D和A。一些词组和搭配被拆开后,疯狂英语句子的含义就变得难以理解。首先把拆开的词组复原是理解此类定语从句的关键。上述句子中包含以下词组:make use of, play a part (in)。

四、添加插入语或状语

5. The scientist has made another discovery, _______ I believe is of great importance.

A. that B. / C. which D. why

【解析】应选择C。疯狂英语这类句子主要利用插入语或状语的添加来增加试题的难度。常见的插入语有:I think (suppose, expect, believe, imagine), in my opinion, to tell you the truth等。做这类题目时,最佳的办法是先删去插入语或状语,这样句子的主干部分就一目了然了。

五、插入非谓语动词

6. Is this the man ________ you want to have ________

the radio for me?

A. who; repaired B. that; repaired

C. whom; repairing D. that; repair

【解析】D项正确。非谓语动词是英语中难度较大的语法项目之一,因而在定语从句中加入非谓语动词就成了学生最易失分的题目。对付这类题目最有效的办法就是将句子还原。如:我们可以把几个句子中的定语从句进行还原,还原后的句子应是:You want to have the man repair the radio for me.

小试牛刀:

1. Was it in the shop ________ sold childrens clothing that you lost your wallet?

A. / B. where C. that D. when

2. Thank you for the difficulty ________ you have had painting the house.

A. when B. / C. why D. where

3. Is there anyone around the factory ________ knows how to operate the computer?

A. who B. which C. where D. in which

4. The managers discussed the plan ________ they would like to see ________ the next year.

A. that; carried out

B. who; carried out

C. which; carry out

D. that; carrying out

5. She was much disappointed to see the beautiful cloth ________ she had made ________ with lots of spots.

A. which; cover

B. that; covered

C. /; covering

D. where; covering

6. Lincoln, ________ life was once hard, were elected President of American.

A. for whom B. who C. to whom D. /

Key: 1—6 CBAABA


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